Linux offers a wide range of commands to perform various tasks. Here are ten essential Linux commands that can be very useful for day-to-day operations:
ls: List files and directories in the current directory. For example,
ls -lwill display detailed information about files and directories.
cd: Change the current directory. For instance,
cd /path/to/directorywill take you to the specified directory.
pwd: Print the current working directory, showing you the full path of your current location in the file system.
mkdir: Create a new directory. For example,
mkdir my_new_directorywill create a directory named “my_new_directory.”
rm: Remove files or directories. Be careful when using this command, as it deletes files and directories permanently. For instance,
rm myfile.txtwill delete “myfile.txt.”
cp: Copy files or directories. You can use it like this:
cp sourcefile destination.
mv: Move or rename files and directories. To rename a file, use
mv oldfile newfile, and to move a file, use
mv source destination.
cat: Display the contents of a file. For example,
cat myfile.txtwill show the content of “myfile.txt” in the terminal.
grep: Search for specific patterns or text in files. For instance,
grep "search_term" file.txtwill search for “search_term” in “file.txt.”
sudo: Execute a command with superuser (administrator) privileges. This is essential for performing administrative tasks on your system. For example,
sudo apt-get updateupdates the package list on Ubuntu-based systems.
These are just a few of the many Linux commands available. To learn more about each command and their various options, you can use the
man command followed by the command name, like
man ls, to access the manual pages and get detailed information about how to use them.
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