Mastering Databases: A Step-by-Step Guide to Installing MariaDB and Listing Databases


Databases are the backbone of countless applications and services in the tech world. Whether you’re a seasoned sysadmin, a budding developer, or someone who’s simply curious about data management, having a strong grasp of databases is an invaluable skill. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the process of installing MariaDB, a powerful open-source relational database management system, and show you how to list databases using SQL. By the end of this tutorial, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a database master.

Table of Contents:

  • Why MariaDB: Understanding the importance of MariaDB in web development and data management.
  • Prerequisites: Getting your Linux server or virtual machine ready for the installation process.
  • Step 1: Update Your System: Keeping your system up-to-date with the latest software packages.
  • Step 2: Install MariaDB: A detailed walkthrough of installing MariaDB using the apt package manager.
  • Step 3: Secure the Installation: Enhancing the security of your MariaDB setup with the mysql_secure_installation script.
  • Testing MariaDB: Verifying that MariaDB is running on your system.
  • Accessing MySQL: Entering the MySQL shell and beginning your database management journey.
  • Show Databases: Running the SQL command to list all databases on your MariaDB server.
  • Conclusion: Summarizing what you’ve learned and encouraging further exploration.

Why MariaDB:

MariaDB is an open-source relational database management system that is widely used in web development. It’s known for its robust features, scalability, and performance, making it a preferred choice for many developers and sysadmins. Understanding how to work with MariaDB opens doors to a world of data management possibilities.


Before diving into the installation, you’ll need a Linux server or a virtual machine with internet access. This guide assumes you have a basic understanding of Linux and are comfortable using the command line.

Step 1: Update Your System:

Keeping your system updated is crucial to ensure you have the latest software packages and security updates. Use the following commands:

sudo apt update

Step 2: Install MariaDB:

We’ll guide you through the process of installing MariaDB using the apt package manager. Run the following commands:

sudo apt install mariadb-server

Step 3: Secure the Installation:

Security is paramount in database management. The mysql_secure_installation script will help you set the root password, remove anonymous users, and apply other security measures. Run the script and follow the prompts:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Testing MariaDB:

Learn how to check if MariaDB is up and running using the following command:

sudo systemctl status mariadb

Accessing MySQL:

We explain how to access the MySQL shell, where you can start working with databases. Enter the MySQL shell using the following command:

sudo mysql -u root -p

Show Databases:

You’ll execute the SQL command SHOW DATABASES; to list all the databases on your MariaDB server:



By the end of this guide, you will have gained a strong foundation in MariaDB installation and database listing. Databases are a fundamental part of modern technology, and your new skills will serve you well whether you’re a sysadmin, developer, or simply someone who’s passionate about data.

Stay curious, stay tech-savvy, and keep exploring the exciting world of databases. Don’t forget to check out the accompanying video on our YouTube channel for a hands-on visual tutorial.

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