A Complete Guide to Managing Users in Debian 12: Add, Grant Sudo, and Delete

Debian 12 is a robust and versatile Linux distribution used by many sysadmins and enthusiasts worldwide. Efficiently managing user accounts is a crucial part of system administration. In this guide, we will explore how to add a user, grant them sudo access, and delete users in Debian 12.

Adding a User:

To add a user in Debian 12, you can use the useradd command. Here are the steps:

  1. Open your terminal and ensure you have superuser privileges. If not, you can use sudo to run these commands.
  2. To add a new user, use the following command:
   sudo useradd -m -s /bin/bash [username]

Replace [username] with the desired username. This command creates a new user with a home directory and sets the default shell to /bin/bash.

  1. Set a password for the new user with:
   sudo passwd [username]

Replace [username] with the user’s name, and you’ll be prompted to set a password.

Granting Sudo Access:

To grant sudo access to the user, you can use the usermod command. Follow these steps:

  1. Run the following command:
   sudo usermod -aG sudo [username]

This adds the user to the “sudo” group, allowing them to execute commands with superuser privileges.

Deleting a User:

To delete a user in Debian 12, use the userdel command. Be cautious, as this action is irreversible. Here’s how:

  1. Open your terminal with superuser privileges.
  2. To delete a user, run the following command:
   sudo userdel -r [username]

The -r flag removes the user’s home directory and files. This ensures a complete removal.


In Debian 12, managing users efficiently is vital for system administrators. You’ve learned how to add a user, grant them sudo access, and delete users through simple terminal commands. These skills are essential for maintaining a secure and organized system.

Remember always to exercise caution when performing user management tasks. Back up critical data before deleting a user, and make sure you have the necessary permissions for these actions. Debian 12’s robust tools provide you with the means to manage your system effectively and securely.

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